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Handout: Part 2: Behavior Management in Speech and Language TherapyAn outline several pages long that includes main episode points, a reference list, and online resources. Included in annual subscription.
As promised, here is Part 2, an episode dedicated to antecedent behavior management with a review of commonly used behavior management strategies. We start this episode with a quick review of the content we covered in Part 1, but you will definitely get more out of this episode if you listen to Part 1 first.
Antecedent management strategies are important, and many of us use them without even realizing it. Have you ever put a favorite snack out of reach? Removed aversive or distracting materials before a session? Understanding the science behind why antecedent management strategies work can help you tweak them to be more effective.
Personally, we have deep love for a handful of commonly used behavior management strategies, like star charts and prize boxes - but why do they work? How can they be tweaked to be more effective? What about “ignore and redirect”? Or “time out”? These strategies are commonly used throughout our society - in education, therapy, and even parenting - but what are the behavioral principles at work when these strategies are used? Understanding this science is important, not only to make them more effective, but to help you decide when - or when not - to use them.
- Identify at least 2 differences between components of antecedent-based interventions and consequence-based interventions
- Identify at least 2 ways in which antecedent-based interventions can help improve client behavior during SLP sessions
- Identify at least 2 commonly used behavior management strategies and the science behind them
Cooper, J., Heron, T. & Heward, W., 2020. Applied Behavior Analysis. 3rd Ed. Upper Saddle River, Nj: Pearson
Duerden, E. G., Oatley, H. K., Mak-Fan, K. M., McGrath, P. A., Taylor, M. J., Szatmari, P., &
Roberts, S. W. (2012). Risk Factors Associated with Self-Injurious Behaviors in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(11), 2460-2470. doi:10.1007/s10803-012-1497-9
Dunlap, G. (2005). Clinical Issues: Positive Behavior Support: An Overview. Perspectives on Language Learning and Education, 12(1), 3-6. doi:doi:10.1044/lle12.1.3
Johnston, J. M., Foxx, R. M., Jacobson, J. W., Green, G., & Mulick, J. A. (2006). Positive behavior support and applied behavior analysis. The Behavior analyst, 29(1), 51-74. doi:10.1007/bf03392117
Karasinski, C. (2013). Behavior Problems and Social Functioning in Adolescents With Language Impairment. Perspectives on Language Learning and Education, 20(2), 36-43. doi:doi:10.1044/lle20.2.36
Keller-Bell, Y., & Short, M. (2019). Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports in Schools: A Tutorial. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 50(1), 1-15. doi:doi:10.1044/2018_LSHSS-17-0037
ASHA resources on ABA:
Kate Grandbois financial disclosures: Kate is the owner / founder of Grandbois Therapy + Consulting, LLC and co-founder of SLP Nerdcast. Kate Grandbois non-financial disclosures: Kate is a member of ASHA, SIG 12, and serves on the AAC Advisory Group for Massachusetts Advocates for Children. She is also a member of the Berkshire Association for Behavior Analysis and Therapy (BABAT), MassABA, the Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI) and the corresponding Speech Pathology and Applied Behavior Analysis SIG.
Amy Wonkka financial disclosures: Kate is an employee of a public school system and co-founder of SLP Nerdcast. Amy Wonkka non-financial disclosures: Amy is a member of ASHA, SIG 12, and serves on the AAC Advisory Group for Massachusetts Advocates for Children.
Time Ordered Agenda:
10 minutes: Introduction, Disclaimers and Disclosures
20 minutes: Descriptions of the differences between reinforcement and punishment
15 minutes: Descriptions of the different types of reinforcement
10 minutes: Descriptions of methods for choosing systems of reinforcement
5 minutes: Summary and Closing
The contents of this episode are not meant to replace clinical advice. SLP Nerdcast, its hosts and guests do not represent or endorse specific products or procedures mentioned during our episodes unless otherwise stated. We are NOT PhDs, but we do research our material. We do our best to provide a thorough review and fair representation of each topic that we tackle. That being said, it is always likely that there is an article we’ve missed, or another perspective that isn’t shared. If you have something to add to the conversation, please email us! Wed love to hear from you!
The real-life (and adult) examples were very helpful in understanding terminology and thinking about how we are setting up our students for successful sessio...Read More
The real-life (and adult) examples were very helpful in understanding terminology and thinking about how we are setting up our students for successful sessions.Read Less